1997 - Chretien is re-elected prime minister with a reduced majority. British Parliement The British North America Act is passed by Britain's Parliament, providing for Canada's Confederation. The colony is renamed, Several hundred Catholic Francophone Métis led by, Canada is admitted as a full member of the, Canada, with its parliament's support, enters the, During the war, the government mobilizes Canadian money, supplies, and volunteers to support Britain while boosting the economy and maintaining, Canada achieves total independence from Great Britain through, Norrie, Kenneth, Douglas Owram and J.C. Herbert Emery. Jul 3, 1608. To learn about the history of AI, and a get a glimpse into the future try clicking on a circle in the spiral or use the arrow indicators to move the timeline. By 1685 the po… 1982 - The UK transfers final legal powers over Canada. Jan 1, 1670. In 1608 de Champlain founded Quebec. 2000 - Chretien again elected prime minister. ... See more History timelines. 1497 - Italian explorer John Cabot visits Newfoundland. While no timeline can be exhaustive in its coverage, it provides a broad chronological overview to support educators and students. The most significant facts about History of Canada in interactive timeline full of images, videos, and quotations December 11, 1931. 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Searching for a place suitable for the settlement, Samuel de Champlain arrived to the place called the point of Quebec by the natives, on the 3rd of July 1608, This was the very beginning of Quebec City.Significant: Quebec has played a special role in Canadian history; it is the site where French settlers founded the colony of Canada (New France) in the 17th and 18th centuries. 2009 December PM Stephen Harper prorogues parliament for two months, saying the government needs more time to adjust its budget. The key date in Canadian history is July 1, 1867 — also known as Confederation Day — in which Canada adopted its current constitution and thus, in the minds of most Canadians, officially “became a country.” So-called “pre-Confederation” history describes the country’s colonization and settlement by European migrants, while post-Confederation history centres around the … Explore the timeline. 1885 - Canadian Pacific railroad is completed. See more Science and Technology timelines. Accessed July 21, 2020. However no permanent European settlements were made in Canada until the early 17th century. Thousands of newcomers from England, Scotland and Ireland arrive each year. The opposition had been determined to defeat the government over the financial scandal. 1965 - The present Canadian flag is adopted, replacing one which had incorporated the British flag. 2003 December - Former finance minister Paul Martin is sworn in as prime minister. 18th Century Canada 1713 France is forced to recognize Hudson Bay and Newfoundland as British. 2012 January - Prime Minister Stephen Harper calls for a fresh start in government relations with Canada's native people. Prior to European colonization, the lands encompassing present-day Canada were inhabited for millennia by Indigenous peoples, with distinct trade networks, spiritual beliefs, and styles of social organization.Some of these older civilizations had long faded by … ... See more History timelines. (2020). 1905 - Alberta and Saskatchewan become provinces of Canada. 2006 November - Parliament agrees that the Quebecois should be considered a "nation" within Canada. See more Film timelines. Quebec city followed the early models of French cities and created a watchman system in 1651. 1000 - Viking Leif Ericson reaches the coastline of Newfoundland. 1984 - Trudeau retires. He is succeeded by Kim Campbell, Canada's first female prime minister. Vincent (Non-career)", "The History of Newfoundland and Labrador During the Second World War", The last good war: An illustrated history of Canada in the Second World War, 1939-1945, "Expo 67 Saw 'The World Coming To Us, In A Joyous Fashion, "The Patriation and Quebec Veto References: The Supreme Court Wrestles with the Political Part of the Constitution", "Canada History: July 11, 1990, the crisis and death at Oka", "Wolverine asks Trudeau for inquiry into Gustafsen Lake Standoff", "Creation of a New Northwest Territories", "Canada's Last Penny: Final Cent Struck In Winnipeg Friday As Currency Killed", "Cannabis is legal in Canada — here's what you need to know", Persons of National Historic Significance in Canada, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Timeline_of_Canadian_history&oldid=998449620, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, French colonists establish the first permanent European settlement in the future Canada at, St. John's Island is partitioned from Nova Scotia, becoming a separate colony from the mainland. In 1642 the French founded Montreal. It is the first territory in Canada to have a majority indigenous population. 2003 April - Liberal Party beats the Parti Quebecois in provincial elections in Quebec, ending nine years of rule by the pro-independence party. A Brief History of AI in Canada. 1998 - Supreme court rules that if Quebec votes to secede, it can only carry out the policy with the federal government's consent. 2011 October - Supreme Court rejects bid to shut the Insite Centre, the only facility in North America where addicts may legally inject drugs. Mulroney realigns foreign policy towards Europe and the US. See more Film timelines. History of Canada Timeline created by gryphon9090. 2011 March - Opposition parties withdraw support from minority Conservative government in row over budget proposals. 1756 - Seven Years' War begins, between New France and the larger and economically-stronger British colonies. "; Canada's capital Ottawa, known as "Silicon Valley North", 1855: Settlement of Bytown rechristened Ottawa, Mountains meet the Pacific Ocean at Vancouver, Named after British explorer George Vancouver, Charismatic PM Pierre Trudeau advocated a united Canada, Arctic territory of Nunavut has a mainly-Inuit population, Named after Huron Indian word for fishing weir, Bernard Landry from the pro-independence Parti Quebecois, Populist PM Jean Chretien spent 10 years in office, Paul Martin's Liberal government fell in a no-confidence vote, A Toronto policeman's remark linking rape to dressing like ''sluts'', sparked worldwide demonstrations, How the world's oldest clove tree defied an empire, Why Royal Ballet principal Sergei Polunin quit, BBC News Updated every minute of every day, 2002: Vancouver and Melbourne top city league, 2000: In pictures - Last respects to Trudeau, 2003: Toronto parties through the blackout, Tourists flock to 'Jesus's tomb' in Kashmir. Most Popular Now | 56,514 people are reading stories on the site right now. 2006 June - In a major anti-terror operation, 17 people are arrested in Toronto on suspicion of planning attacks. Period: Jan 1, 1752 to Jan 1, 1759. In History. harvnb error: no target: CITEREFGillmorTurgeon2000 (, Francis Bolger, "Prince Edward Island and Confederation", harvnb error: no target: CITEREFInglis1995 (, Jack L. Granatstein, and Robert Bothwell, "‘A self-evident national duty’: Canadian foreign policy, 1935–1939. For its part, the federal government is obliged to negotiate on secession if a majority of Quebec's citizens desires it. Follow this timeline for a brief history of the flags used in Canada and learn about some of the major moments in the creation of our National Flag. Suspected ringleader of Islamic extremist group is jailed for life for plot to bomb Toronto stock exchange. 2009 February - Parliament passes budget including major stimulus package, thereby ensuring survival of the Conservative minority government. 2011 April - Toronto policeman's remark that women can avoid rape by avoiding dressing like ''sluts'', prompts a global phenomenon: a slutwalk protest. A stock market crash in the United States triggers the Great Depression of the 1930s. 1991 - Canadian forces participate in the Gulf War following Iraq's invasion of Kuwait. 1985 - 329 people, including 280 Canadians, are killed in a bomb attack on an Air India jet travelling between Montreal and London. 1968 - Pierre Trudeau of the Liberal party wins elections. ... History of Canada Timeline created by Jenzy. 2010 June - Rwandan jailed under Canada's new war crimes act allowing courts to consider war crimes committed abroad. Jean Chretien of the Liberals becomes prime minister. 1970 - Members of a radical Quebec separatist group, the Front de Liberation du Quebec, kidnap a British trade official and murder a Quebec minister. See more Biography timelines. 1776 onwards - Loyalist refugees from the American War of Independence settle in Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, Quebec and Ontario. French President Charles de Gaulle visits and declares 'Vive le Quebec libre' (Long live free Quebec). It helped Canada to become what it is today, from establishing its population to supplying it with good's, historical globalization has made a lasting impact. The move sparks fierce domestic political debate, and Prime Minister Chretien comes under fire from Washington. 2005 August - Canada sends naval vessels to Churchill, an Arctic port, for the first time in 30 years. Note: This timeline presents key events and developments in Indigenous history in what is now Canada, from Time Immemorial to present. 2010 January - Canada hosts Winter Olympics. In History. The proposal was put forward by PM Stephen Harper. Opposition leaders accuse him of seeking to avoid a debate on the government's alleged complicity in the torture of Afghan detainees. In History. Canada and the First World War. 2003 March-April - Toronto is hit by the biggest outbreak of the flu-like Sars virus outside Asia. Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up; History of Canada Timeline created by gryphon9090. 2007 March - The Action Democratic Party, which advocates more autonomy for Quebec but within a federal Canada, makes dramatic gains in provincial elections. 1995 - A referendum in Quebec rejects independence by a margin of only 1%. Note: This timeline presents key events and developments in Indigenous history in what is now Canada, from Time Immemorial to present. See more Biography timelines. (2002), This page was last edited on 5 January 2021, at 12:33. Quebec City Quebec City was made a fur trade post for the French Colonists. His Liberal Party picks up votes in Quebec, weakening support for Quebec separatists. They are also forced to cede Nova Scotia. 1870 - Manitoba becomes fifth province, followed by British Columbia and Prince Edward Island. 1993 - Mulroney resigns as leader of the Progressive Conservatives in February but remains prime minister until June. The history of Canada explained in 10 minutesSupport new videos on this channel on Patreon! 2003 March - Canada opts not to join the US-led coalition against Iraq. The history of Canada covers the period from the arrival of the Paleo-Indians thousands of years ago to the present day. 2011 November - Canada joins the US and Britain in tightening sanctions against Iran. Canada has had a de facto (unlawfully established) government (at least) since 1931. 500 - First Nations peoples begin to settle in Canada. An official says the men were inspired by al-Qaeda. It comes from the Native American word kanata, which means “collection of huts” or “village”, but which Cartier took to mean the name of the surrounding land. 56,514 people are reading stories on the site right now. (The name Quebec is believed to be an Algonquin word meaning a narrow part of a river). 1947 - Canada is declared to be of equal status with Great Britain within the Commonwealth. 1898 - Gold rush along the upper Yukon River; Yukon Territory given separate status. Canada’s earliest legal traditions can be traced to both France and England. 1701 - Thirty-eight Indian nations sign a peace treaty near Montreal with the French, ending 20 years of diplomacy. 2001 April - Leaders of countries from across the Americas meet in Canada at the Summit of the Americas. 1763 - Under the Treaty of Paris, Britain acquires all French colonies east of the Mississippi including New France, which becomes the colony of Quebec. They reaffirm their commitment to setting up the world's largest free trade zone by 2005. 1800s - Immigration picks up. Campbell calls an election in October, but her party suffers a humiliating defeat, winning only 2 seats when previously it had held 169. Public timelines; Search; Sign in; Sign up; History of Canada Timeline created by Joufa. Period: Apr 2, 1867 to Apr 2, 2012. 1999 - Territory of Nunavut is formed in the north-west. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. The company holds trading rights for regions whose rivers drain into Hudson Bay. 1993 - Canada signed the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) which worked to eliminate all tariff barriers among Canada, the United States and Mexico by 2008. 1992 - Canada, US and Mexico finalise the terms of the North American Free Trade Agreement (Nafta). Parti Quebecois (PQ) is formed to push for complete independence for Quebec. 1812-14 - War of 1812 between the US and Britain, largely over the effects on the US of British blockades of French ports. From the early 17th to the mid-19th centuries, the fur trade is a vast commercial enterprise across what is now Canada. 2006 May - MPs vote by a narrow margin to extend Canada's military deployment in Afghanistan until 2009. Period: Jan 1, 1752 to Jan 1, 1759. Timeline and History Overview. In Q-files Encyclopedia, History, North America. Women in Canadian History: A Timeline From early trailblazers to today’s powerful agents of change, from the long journey for women’s suffrage towards equality of rights and opportunities for all, women have and continue to blaze a trail to create a better, more equal world for everyone. Indigenous technology and knowledge are crucial to the competitive trade and to the survival of Europeans. Canada interned 8,579 enemy aliens in 24 receiving stations, and internment camps from 1914-1920. 1534 - French explorer Jacques Cartier maps the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the St. Lawrence River. 1791 - Quebec divided into Lower Canada (present-day Quebec) and Upper Canada (present-day Ontario). Jean Chretien retires after 10 years in office. The 7 Year War A war between Britain and France, both wanting land on the Atlantic coast. She leads the Progressive Conservatives to disaster at the … The war was fought in Upper Canada, Lower Canada, in the Great Lakes, the Atlantic, and in the United States. 1800s - Immigration picks up. He claims the region for France. 1837/8 - Armed rebellions in Upper and Lower Canada, caused by disaffection with the ruling elites, poverty and social divisions. 1670 - Hudson's Bay Company established by London traders. 2003 14 August - Biggest power cut in North American history hits Toronto, Ottawa and other parts of Ontario as well as cities in the US. 1950 - War in Korea. Prime minister orders inquiry. 2005 July - Senate approves a bill to legalise same-sex marriages. 1791 - Quebec divided into Lower Canada (present-day Quebec) and Upper Canada (present-day Ontario). While no timeline can be exhaustive in its coverage, it provides a broad chronological overview to support educators and students. Learn the history of Canada in 5 minutes in an animation.Please check out our other animations about history A look at some notable dates in the history of Canada, which marks its 147th birthday July 1. 1949 - Canada becomes founder member of Nato. Concluding a series of agreements between Canada, the United Kingdom, and the Hudson's Bay Company, Canada acquires Rupert's Land and the North-Western Territory, forming the North-West Territories. The new colony in Canada was called New France. (Decline) The term “enemy alien” referred to the citizens of states at war with Canada who resided in Canada during the war. But since Canada is a colony of Britain it got pulled into the conflict and was invaded several times by the USA. In 1603 a Frenchman named Samuel de Champlain (1567-1635) sailed up the St Lawrence River. Newfoundland, until then a British dominion, becomes a province of Canada. Most of the schools were closed in the 1970s. 2005 November - Paul Martin's minority Liberal government is brought down in a vote of no confidence. Long before Canada became a nation, the emblems of European nations were used to identify their settlers and explorers. 1914 - Outbreak of World War I. Canada fights on the side of Britain and France. The elections shake up the opposition, with the Liberal Party slipping into third place for the first time. Period: Aug 4, 1914 to Jun 7, 2011 Canadian hitstory : from 1914- to present Human habitation in Newfoundland and Labrador can be traced back about 9000 years to maritime Archaic peoples. September 10, 1939. 1627 - Company of New France established to govern and exploit "New France" - France's North American colonies. July 03, 1608 Historical Globalization is a large part of Canadian history. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. This is a brief timeline of the history of Canada, comprising important social, economic, political, military, legal, and territorial changes and events in Canada and its predecessor states. Mar 8, 1867. In the aftermath of the Red River Rebellion, Manitoba is subdivided from the new territory in the area around Winnipeg, becoming Canada's fifth province. A timeline created with Timetoast's interactive timeline maker. 1783 - Fur traders in Montreal set up the North West Company. After early French successes, the settlement of Quebec falls in 1759 and the British advance on Montreal. 1980 - A referendum on the separation of Quebec is defeated. Britian's Statute of Westminster grants Canada near-complete political independence from Britain, including the right to an independent foreign policy. The company builds up a network of trading posts across the west and north; its expeditions reach the Pacific coast. Campbell resigns. 1600s - Fur trade rivalry between the French, English and Dutch; the Europeans exploit existing rivalries between Indian nations to form alliances. Upper Canada, later renamed Ontario, adopted English traditions and established both a constabulary and a … The name of Canada was coined by the French explorer Jacques Cartier. But the US fails to realise its plans to invade Canada. This is a brief timeline of the history of Canada, comprising important social, economic, political, military, legal, and territorial changes and events in Canada and its predecessor states. 2005 May - Government wins a confidence motion in parliament by just one vote. They were gradually displaced by people of the Dorset Culture the L'nu, or Mi'kmaq and finally by the Innu and Inuit in Labrador and the Beothuks on the island. A timeline of Canada's history, with further research, will show Canadians how the political elite in Canada have deceived them for many decades. 2008 October - Conservatives improve their standing in early general election, but still fall short of gaining overall majority. Hudson Bay Company 1950 The Dawn of AI: The Imitation Game . 2010 July - Political storm over plan to change national census. 1534 - Jacques Cartier explores the St Lawrence river, claims the shores of the Gulf of St Lawrence for France. 1939 - Outbreak of World War II: Canadian forces are active in Italy, Europe, the Atlantic and elsewhere. In 1604 he founded Port Royal in Acadia (Nova Scotia). Truth and reconciliation commission begins hearings into policy which forced indigenous people to abandon their cultural identity. 1600s - The French establish the fur trade in … Timeline of cases and deaths in Canada: ... Sources: The Globe and Mail and the Government of Canada * On 17 July 2020, the large number of recoveries is due to a revision of the algorithm used in Quebec to determine whether a patient who is neither deceased nor currently hospitalized may be considered recovered. 2004 February - Scandal erupts over misuse of government money intended for advertising and sponsorship. Action includes naval battles in the Great Lakes and a US attack on York (present-day Toronto). 2011 May - Conservatives win third consecutive term in government, and a parliamentary majority. Government falls after losing no-confidence vote. Land rights are granted to the Métis. 1867 - British North America Act unites Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick in the Dominion of Canada. 1967 - Expo 67 in Montreal provides impetus to Canadian national identity. 2004 June - Prime Minister Paul Martin is returned to power in general elections, but his Liberal party is stripped of its majority. 1931 - Statute of Westminster grants British dominions complete autonomy. 2008 June - Government apologises for earlier policy of forcing aboriginal children to attend boarding schools aimed at assimilating them. See more Politics timelines. See more Art and Culture timelines. See more Art and Culture timelines. 1841 - Formation of the United Province of Canada reunites Canada East (Lower) and Canada West (Upper) Canada. Canadian forces participate in the United Nations war effort. 2006 January - Stephen Harper's Conservatives defeat Paul Martin in general elections, ending 12 years of Liberal government. Timeline of Canadian history. All of this can go back to the spread of imperialism When tens of thousands of loyalists (American colonists with different ethnic backgrounds) migrated to British North America during and after the Revolutionary War Acadians were being deported away from their home in Nova 1497 - Italian-born navigator John Cabot reaches the coasts of Newfoundland and Cape Breton. Conservatives' election disaster. 2011 December - Canada becomes the first country to formally withdraw from the Kyoto Protocol on reducing emissions of greenhouse gasses. 1989 - Canada and the US agree to establish free trade. The Canadian parliament ratifies Nafta. Canada automatically joined the war because Canada was still a colony of Britain. Norse explorer Leif Erickson arrives in the part of Canada that is now known as … B.C. In History. Canada is now completely free. The move is seen as a challenge to rival territorial claims and follows a spat with Denmark over an uninhabited island. The film, The Myth Is Canada, is a film that needs to be made to unmask the deception. ", harvnb error: no target: CITEREFGillmor2001 (, H. D. Munroe, "The October Crisis revisited: Counterterrorism as strategic choice, political result, and organizational practice. 1821 - Hudson's Bay Company and North West Company merge, after years of bitter rivalry descend into bloodshed. 1774 - The Quebec Act recognises the French language and the Roman Catholic religion in the colony. 2005 November - A commission set up to investigate the scandal involving misspent government money exonerates PM Paul Martin, but criticises his predecessor Jean Chretien. join Canada: 1885: North-West Rebellion; the Canadian Pacific Railway is completed: 1905: The provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan are created: 1914–18: World War I: 1916: Women win the vote in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta: 1919: The Winnipeg General Strike: 1929–39: The Great Depression: 1939–45: World War II: 1949: Newfoundland joins … Is brought down in a vote history of canada timeline no confidence election, but still fall short gaining. 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